Učte se angličtinu online s Kafe.cz a studiumONLINE.cz - každé pondělí, středu a pátek přinášíme videokurz pro začátečníky i mírně pokročilé. Dnes tu máme další malý předvánoční test.
1) What was not an official holiday before?
c) January 26th
2) What do you do when first-footing?
a) walk around a house
b) enter a house
c) sing songs
3) What does sustenance represent?
4) What did she remember?
a) Her first Hogmanay
b) A friend in England
c) Her favorite Hogmanay
5) What do people have to do?
a) hurry home to greet guests
b) drink all the whiskey
c) give each other a hug
1 A, 2 B 3 C, 4 B, 5 A
Catt: So what's the best holiday in Scotland?
Rachel: In Scotland... Well, Scotland has its own holidays which are different from England, like, there's Robert Burns' night, which is on the 22nd of January, and that celebrates a famous Scottish poet. But the one I like best, I think, is Hogmanay.
Matt: Ho... can you repeat that?
Rachel: Yeah. Hogmanay.
Rachel: H-O-G-M-A-N-A-Y. Hogmanay.
Matt: And what's that?
Rachel: Hogmanay is actually New Year's Eve. Yeah. And in the past, that was a sort of public holiday. Christmas wasn't a holiday in Scotland in the past, but New Year's Eve was. So it's quite a big celebration. Yeah.
Matt: What do they do on Hogmanay?
Rachel: Well, after midnight... well, before midnight you have a party and you sing For Auld Lang Syne, and then you start going first footing.
Matt: First footing.
Rachel: Yeah. So first foot through the door of your neighbour's house. So, you go to all of your neighbour’s houses and you have a wee drink - a dram of whiskey or something. And you just wish them all the best for the New Year. And, it's a really lovely tradition.
Matt: First footing, so you literally, the first time you enter a bunch of your neighbour’s houses.
Rachel: Yes. Yeah. And, if the first person into your house is a tall, dark, handsome stranger carrying a bottle of whiskey and a piece of coal, and, I think it's called Bannock cake, I might be wrong about that, but then you'll be fortunate throughout the year. So the coal represents fire and warmth, right? The whiskey obviously represents...
Rachel: Yes, cheer, and the cake represents, you know, food and sustenance.
Matt: Wow, so do people actually carry those things around with them?
Rachel: Yes they do. I still remember, when I was a kid, we lived in England actually, and... but, one Scottish friend came over specially with those things 'cause he felt like we wouldn't be celebrating in England. So, yeah.
Matt: Interesting. I have a question, though. If... I think that first footing sounds so nice, but if all of the neighbourhood is first footing...
Rachel: I know.
Matt: Who is there to receive the guest?
Rachel: Well, my mother's, in my mother's town, which is quite small, for some reason a bunch of her friends live on the same street, so they usually have a party in one person's house. And then, each person runs home quickly before they get to the house to open it up to the rest of the ...
Matt: So they go in order?
Rachel: Yeah. So you go on sort of drinking throughout the night till about 5 in the morning.
Rachel: Which is probably why Scottish people have a bit of a reputation.
Matt: Thank you very much. That's cool.